1. The demand for the international vegetable market continues to increase
In recent years, the annual trade volume of vegetables around the world has continued to increase. At present, the self-sufficiency rate of vegetables in some developed countries continues to decline, such as 77% in Canada, 76% in the United Kingdom, 50% in Japan, and 42.6% in Switzerland. The international vegetable trade volume has reached US$10 billion. The growth of bacteria, onions and garlic was the most significant. With the improvement of international transportation conditions and storage and preservation technology and the improvement of people's living standards, people's dietary structure will be transformed from subsistence and nutrition to health care. At present, economically developed countries such as the United States and European countries are vigorously promoting vegetarianism, and vegetables have a health care function that cannot be replaced by any other food. Therefore, this will lead to a sharp increase in the global demand for vegetables, and it is also my country’s Vegetable exports have brought huge opportunities.
2. my country's vegetable export has a strong comparative competitive advantage
Since the production of vegetables is a labor-intensive industry, the degree of mechanization of production is low, most of the farm work requires manual operation, labor intensity is high, and it is not easy to realize the effective substitution of capital for labor. However, the labor price in developed countries is relatively high and sustainable. The rising trend has caused the production cost of vegetables to continue to rise. Therefore, due to economic considerations, they have relatively weakened the production of vegetables. In contrast, my country’s vegetable production costs are relatively low, and domestic vegetable prices are about 1/5 to 1/8 of those in foreign countries, which is highly competitive in price. Moreover, our country has abundant vegetable resources and good natural conditions. There are many kinds of famous, special and high-quality vegetables in various places, which has created a good basic condition for export trade.
3. After China's accession to the WTO, the various tariff and non-tariff barriers faced by my country’s vegetable exports have been greatly reduced
In the past, the strong price competitiveness of my country’s vegetables has had a great impact on the agriculture of some developed countries. In order to protect their own agriculture, some countries often impose sanctions on my country’s vegetable exports in the name of anti-dumping, countervailing and environmental protection. my country’s entry into the WTO will greatly reduce the various tariff and non-tariff thresholds. At the same time, my country can also use the relevant WTO rules to effectively solve the problem of unfair treatment encountered by my country’s vegetable exports.